Туризъм в Хисаря (About Hissar)

About Hissar

The town of Hissar is situated in the central part of Bulgaria, in the South slopes of Sredna Gora Mountain.

The nature is generous to the town. The mountains protect Hissar from the cold North winds. The winters are soft, but the summer evenings are fresh. The autumn and the spring are warm and the snow does not stay too much.

There are 22 mineral springs in Hissar. The water is slightly mineral, colorless and odorless with a pleasant taste. Hissar mineral water may be used as everyday water and for prophylaxis of gastro intestinal diseases, renal diseases and rental-urologic diseases: gall stones, motor system diseases, gynecological disease, dentall diseases and prophylaxis of dental caries, chronic intoxication caused by heavy metals and pharmaceutical preparations.

Because of these springs, the town was founded thousands of years ago. Some pre-historic remains have been found in what is now the town centre. Later, it became a Thracian city, and when Thrace fell to the Romans and became a Roman province, Hissar became a Roman town - one of the three most important towns in the province. At various times it was called Augusta, Diocletianopolis (after emperor Diocletian) and a couple of other names. It was a famous resort even in those times, which is proved by the fact that emperor Septimius Severus himself visited the city.

Many Roman ruins are still visible everywhere - public buildings, a small amphitheatre, the barracks of the Roman garrison, the foundations of a couple of the oldest churches in Bulgaria, as well as the best preserved Roman fortress in Bulgaria. The southern gate is known as "The Camels", because it had broken in the middle and looked like two camels facing each other, before it was partially restored in the late XX century.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, the prosperous city declined and when it was included within the borders of Bulgaria, it was just a minor fortified town. During the Turkish rule it further declined and at some point the once prosperous city was just a couple of small houses in the midst of many Roman ruins, which peasants from the nearby villages used for a stone quarry, destroying most of them in the process.

After the liberation of Bulgaria in 1878, Hisarya was included in the province of Eastern Rumelia, and after the Unification of Bulgaria in 1885 it became a part of Bulgaria.

It prospered once again when the mineral springs were re-discovered and the place became the favourite recreation spot for the rich.

After 1945, the summer houses of the rich were nationalised and became spas for the public. The "restitution" after 1992 saw them transferred to the grandchildren of the pre-war rich, who had no money to repair the buildings, so much of the old heritage is now falling into disuse.

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